Mar 3, 2021
Pecan growers, others benefit from Georgia help in tough period

It’s been a rough three years for Georgia pecan farmers, whose cash crop has been battered by a hurricane, a fungal tree disease, and a global pandemic – all in relatively rapid succession.

But many have tapped into the strength of connection with the University of Georgia (UGA). That’s what rescued alumni Rob Cohen and Eric Cohen when their Pecan Ridge Plantation in Bainbridge began to drown after Hurricane Michael destroyed 800 acres in late 2018.

“I’m on the Alumni Association board, and members of the association immediately reached out to help us promote the business,” said Eric Cohen. “They also hooked me up with FEMA work to deal with all the vegetative landfill – trees, wood chips, all the debris. They basically saved our farm.”

The brothers have replanted some lost trees and hope to eventually return to business as usual. Meanwhile, they have scaled up related business endeavors with deep ties to the College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences (CAES) and UGA Cooperative Extension programs, including new fumigation techniques and crop consulting for cotton, peanuts and soybeans.

Eric Cohen’s son is a freshman at UGA. “I’ve always told him, never underestimate the power of connections,” Cohen says.

That could be the tagline for UGA’s range of efforts supporting Georgia agriculture – a resource network that reaches virtually every county and crop in the state. Although smaller producers like the Cohens have been hit harder by the events of the past two years, they’ve also had more flexibility to innovate on the fly, and many have turned to CAES and UGA Extension for guidance.

New dean, fresh ideas

According to Nick Place, the new CAES dean, that’s exactly the support role UGA should be playing for the state’s agriculture industry. Place described his vision for a Georgia where virtually every producer knows they can call on the university’s leadership and expertise – whether they’re facing a serious problem or just need to know the best fertilizer for a particular plant.

“Growing up on a small dairy farm, I have the perspective of being a small producer, and I still have connections to those producers,” says Place, who began his role at UGA on Jan. 1. “But we need to be able to connect and work with all producers – large, small, and those in between. There is a place for everyone and a need for all types of producers.”

Place cited opportunities for small producers to connect directly with consumers through Community Supported Agriculture and direct marketing, such as the Agricultural Products Connection program, a collaboration between UGA Extension and the Georgia Department of Agriculture’s Georgia Grown program.

“There are tremendous opportunities for CAES to take advantage of programs like that – working with producers to understand the various economic aspects of that industry, offering business planning through Extension, and examining production practices to make sure they are effective and sustainable,” Place says. “It is our role to work with small and large producers to make sure they are using best management practices in an effort to improve the agriculture industry overall.”

To fulfill that commitment, UGA Extension and CAES have developed a rich collection of resources and programs, with a robust online root system that branches out to hundreds of farms and growers statewide. Central topics include the cultivation of a farming pipeline through local Georgia 4-H clubs, the environment and natural resources, the business of agriculture, food and health, literally everything crop-related, and the increasing interest in home gardening for food as well as visual appeal.

Pandemic response

When the global COVID-19 pandemic started to get serious last March, CAES and Extension leaders, like so many others, had some tough choices to make.

Pecans lie on the ground beneath 20-year-old pecan trees that were easily uprooted when Hurricane Michael blew through Decatur County in 2018.

One of the most important was opting to not shirk site visits for services such as soil and water testing. Under revised COVID guidelines, including masking and limiting travel to only one agent per vehicle, Extension has made more than 30,000 site visits in the past year to assess and offer expert guidance for Georgia producers.

“We treat it as a vital and essential duty to deliver advice and guidance on the farm,” says Associate Dean of Extension Mark McCann. “So we pivoted in order to deliver the same things we had been.”

On the flip side, education efforts were shifted to the virtual space — a move that has been unexpectedly successful.

“The public needs information, and rural areas have surprised us with the high numbers of participation,” McCann says. “We have touched new audiences who had not driven for in-person training, and agents who didn’t have time to travel, but now they can listen from their desks. Some borders have been erased.”

Another new audience is Georgia residents who are increasingly interested in growing their own food, preserving, and simply beautifying yards they now look at all the time. Downloads of Extension’s online publications and resources have jumped 27% percent since last March, McCann says.

“Home garden and preservation took the lead,” he says. “That’s not so much about economic impact, but about making people’s lives better.”

In the fall, the Georgia Foundation for Agriculture, Georgia Farm BureauGeorgia Department of Agriculture and UGA Center for Agribusiness and Economic Development joined forces to mount a year-end survey measuring the effects of the pandemic on Georgia’s agricultural industry.

The early findings were bleak: 82% of Georgia farmers indicated a loss of revenue attributed to COVID-19, and they were more concerned with the financial impact of the pandemic than they were about getting sick – or the accompanying emotional strain of potential revenue loss and illness. Livestock producers were the hardest hit. More than 75% of respondents said COVID relief programs would not be sufficient.

With challenges come new opportunities, and that’s where Place is focusing.

A prime example: The farm-to-table movement was mostly associated with trendy restaurants that catered to diners willing and able to pay the up-charge for local food, grown and raised bysmaller producers who lack the advantage of scale. But that perception is shifting, thanks to a combination of supply chain disruptions and lifestyle changes that have led consumers to be more thoughtful about their food. And UGA Extension is building new pathways that connect producers and consumers more directly than ever before.

“The COVID-19 situation has shed light on issues and opportunities that we face as an industry,” Place says. “As a result, people are more cognizant of our local and national food system and where their food comes from. This presents the opportunity to be more intentional about making people understand how we get food from farms to the market.”

As part of that public education effort, UGA Extension, in collaboration with Georgia Grown and other industry partners, is using its network of county Extension offices to put producers in touch with consumers who want fresh, Georgia-grown fruits, vegetables, and other foods. Although COVID-19 has created supply-chain obstacles that threatened to put smaller growers and producers out of business, the Agricultural Products Connection offers them a lifeline – not just to restaurants but directly to dinner tables around the state.

“The first step is facilitating connections between consumers and growers. There are many people who are looking for fresh produce and cannot find it, and we have producers who have produce and cannot sell it,” says Laura Perry Johnson, associate dean for Extension at CAES. “Together, we can make this into something that will not only help agriculture in Georgia but the people who need access to fresh food aswell.”

“One of the bright spots is direct sales from small producers,” McCann adds. “They’ve had a great year.”

Paige Parvin for UGA’s Georgia Magazine
Photo at top: Eric Cohen walks through his family’s pecan orchard at Pecan Ridge Plantation outside of Bainbridge. The Cohens cleaned up downed pecan trees and planted new ones after the destruction of Hurricane Michael in 2018. Photos: University of Georgia

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